How To Recognize a Substance Use Disorder
It’s not always easy to tell if someone has a substance use disorder, especially because of shame and stigma. Some people try to keep their drug use a secret. However, if you suspect someone you love is suffering from addiction, you are not alone. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, an estimated 22.7 million Americans, or 8.6% of the population needed drug abuse or alcohol abuse treatment in 2013. Only 2.5 million Americans or 0.9% of the population received treatment at a rehab facility. The significant treatment gap itself speaks for how easy it is to force someone to go to a drug treatment program.
Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person’s brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. The risk of addiction and how fast you become addicted varies by drug. Some drugs, such as opioid painkillers, have a higher risk and cause addiction more quickly than others.
If your loved one is showing these outward signs of alcoholism or drug use, chances are they could be treading the path to dependence. If you have questions about addiction and abuse, the best way to get them answered is by contacting a rehabilitation program directly.
What are the signs of a Substance Use Disorder?
In the early stages, a person might not show telltale signs of a full-blown addiction. A healthy person can usually identify a negative behavior and get rid of it. This is not the case with someone with an addiction. Rather than admit the problem exists, they’ll find ways to justify and continue the behavior. This is why it is crucial to get the necessary help early. Some early stages of a substance use disorder include:
- Family history of addiction
- Being particularly drawn to an activity or substance
- Seeking out situations where the substance or activity is present
- Episodes of binging or loss of control with little to no feelings of remorse after
When it comes to common social behaviors like drinking or smoking, it might be difficult to determine if there’s an addiction problem. What looks like addiction could be an experimental phase or a form of stress management. But a real addiction, if left untreated, can develop into a debilitating habit or increased risk of illness.
Drugs can also change personalities and behaviors, or make people act in ways that they normally don’t. At first, these behaviors may happen infrequently so it may be hard to notice them. Over time though, they may occur more regularly as drug usage increases.
- Spending more time alone
- Changing friends a lot
- Losing interest in favorite hobbies or usual activities
- Not taking care of appearances (not showering, brushing teeth, changing clothes)
- Having mood swings or being more irritable, tired, or sad
- Sleeping for longer or less, or at different hours than normal
Recognizing unhealthy drug or alcohol use in family members
Sometimes it’s difficult to distinguish normal teenage moodiness or angst from signs of drug use. Possible indications that your teenager or other family member has a substance use disorder issue include:
- Problems at school or work — frequently missing school or work, a sudden disinterest in school activities or work, or a drop in grades or work performance
- Physical health issues — lack of energy and motivation, weight loss or gain, or red eyes
- Neglected appearance — lack of interest in clothing, grooming or looks
- Changes in behavior — exaggerated efforts to bar family members from entering his or her room or being secretive about where he or she goes with friends; or drastic changes in behavior and in relationships with family and friends
- Money issues — sudden requests for money without a reasonable explanation; or your discovery that money is missing or has been stolen or that items have disappeared from your home, indicating maybe they’re being sold to support drug use
Types of Addiction
According to ASAM, substance use disorder is when a person is unable to consistently abstain from a behavior or substance. This is typically at the cost of their mental and physical health. Substance addiction is dependence on any one or more of the following:
- nicotine, or tobacco
- inhalants, often household items like oven cleaners, spray paints, or other aerosol products
- drugs, illicit or non-illicit
How do you convince someone they have a substance use disorder problem?
When someone you love habitually misuses alcohol or drugs, it may be clear to you that they need help long before it’s clear to them. A person with substance use disorder is likely to strongly deny that there is a problem. Here are some helpful steps you and your family can take to help a person realize their substance use disorder problem.
- Family intervention. Family members and an interventionist get together with the addict to tell them how they love them and wish that they would get help. Each family member takes a turn and tells the person how special they are and that they need to get help. The person who is struggling listens and perhaps becomes convinced to enter treatment.
- Discuss consequences. An addictions expert can have a one-on-one talk with the addict. The expert should warn the addict of the dire consequences if they do not change their ways. The expert should be vivid as possible and hold nothing back. The goal is to convince the person to get help.
- Have someone who’s been there talk to the addict. People who have themselves experienced addiction can try to reason with the addict.
- Ask the addict why he or she won’t get help. Ask the addict to list three reasons why he or she will not get help. At first, he or she will say all kinds of things, but continue to engage the person and get the three main reasons why he or she refuses to get help. It might take a couple of tries, but listen to what he or she says. Once you get the answers, write them down.
- Determine solutions to barriers. Once you get those three reasons, ask a professional to find the solutions to those issues. For example, the person says that he or she will not get help because he or she has failed repeatedly and fears failing again. Ask a few addiction professionals to help the addict overcome this barrier.Use your list from no. 3 and list every positive thing that will counter those barriers. When you are finished, present this to the person who is struggling and explain what you came up with. This will help reduce the person’s fears and anxieties and may convince them to get help. Developing a plan to counter their reasons for not getting help will go a long way.
- Talk to, not at, the addict. Nobody wants to be lectured. Be honest with the addict and tell him or her that it will require some hard work but that he or she can get better. He or she will suffer without getting help.The person who is struggling is scared and they need help in overcoming their fears and resistance to getting help. Remember to find out those fears, address possible solutions to those fears, and you will have a better chance of getting through to that person.
The Clinical Program At Little Creek Recovery
Our clinical program unfolds in The 3 Stages of Care and is an in-depth, comprehensive approach utilized by professional counselors and experienced staff. The Three Stages of Care are designed to break down the barriers and fear surrounding the change needed for ongoing recovery. By creating an intimate setting, we can help residents love themselves again, face challenges in a healthy and controlled way, and develop an environment where recovery becomes their idea.
Little Creek Lodge residents are expected to commit to a minimum of 30 days. Thirty days is certainly not a magic number; it does not mean that every resident will be ready to transition after a 30-day period, which is why we offer our 30, 60, or 90 days extended residential programs. We have seen that the longer the resident is taken away from their last substance use the more receptive the resident is to clinical guidance and peer support.
Little Creek Lodge offers a wide variety of programs designed to facilitate a healthy, sober lifestyle, and empower men to feel good about the choices they make.
Inpatient Treatment Programs
Here at Little Creek, we provide a thorough bio-psychological assessment that matches the patient’s needs by providing individualized plans for care. Our inpatient treatment plan includes 24 hours, around-the-clock care for all residents during their stay. We recommend that those who chose to do an inpatient program do a minimum of 90 days at our facility to have enough time to reach treatment goals and objectives.
Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP)
If you need intensive care but can’t stay in our facility as an inpatient resident, our PHPs are a great choice. Although patients won’t be living at the facility, PHPs are designed to have patients dedicate a majority of their week to the program for it to be effective. When you’re not participating in the PHP, patients are allowed to go home after their sessions, so it is an excellent option for those who have families.